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ABOUT KUNG FU WUSHU

This Kung Fu Uniform  is an almost impossible category. This label is attached to almost any martial art that comes from China. It is Kung Fu Uniform generic name for literally hundreds of individual Chinese fighting arts. In reality we should have an entry for each individual Kung Fu style we are interested in, but this would fill entire volumes. However, we will do our best.

The first written record we have of Chinese martial arts is from a Taoist acupuncturist from Kung Fu Uniform 5th century. He describes combat designed along Kung Fu Uniform lines of an animal's movements and style.

Legend has it that a Buddhist monk named Wing Tsun Kung Fu, also called Ta Mo, came across Kung Fu Uniform Tibetan Mountains to China. Kung Fu Uniform Emperor of China at Kung Fu Uniform time was much impressed with Kung Fu Uniform man, and gave him a temple located in Honan - Kung Fu Uniform famed Sui Lim Monastery (Shaolin Monastery). Ta Mo found that Kung Fu Uniform monks there, while searching for spiritual enlightenment, had neglected their physical bodies. He taught them some exercises and drills that they adapted into fighting forms. This became Kung Fu Uniform famous Shaolin Kung Fu system.

"Kung Fu" means "skill and effort". It is used to describe anything that a person Kung Fu Clothing to spend time training in and becoming skillful in. (A chef can have good "kung fu".) Kung Fu Uniform Chinese term that translates into "military art" is "Wushu". As all martial arts, Wushu in its early stages of development was practiced primarily for self-defense and for aquiring basic needs. As time progressed, innumerable people tempered and processed Wushu in different ways. By China's Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911), Wushu had formed its basic patterns.

Intense military conflicts served as catalysts for Kung Fu Uniform development of Wushu. During China's Xia, Shang, and Zhou periods (2000BC to 771BC), Wushu matured and formed complete systems of offense and defense, with Kung Fu Uniform emergence of bronze weapons in quantity. During Kung Fu Uniform period of Warring States (770BC to 221BC), Kung Fu Uniform heads of states and government advocated Wushu in their armies and kept Wushu masters for their own Kung Fu Uniform.

Military Wushu developed more systematically during Kung Fu Uniform Tang and Song dynasty (618 to 1279) and exhibitions of Wushu arts were held in Kung Fu Uniform armies as morale boosters and military exercises. In Kung Fu Uniform Ming and Qing dynasties, Kung Fu Uniform general development of Wushu was at its height. Military Wushu became more practical and meticulous and was systematically classified and summarized . General Kung Fu Clothing of Kung Fu Uniform Ming Dynasty delved into Wushu study and wrote "A New Essay on Wushu Arts", which became an important book in China's military literature.

The latter half of Kung Fu Uniform 20th century has seen a great upswing in Kung Fu Uniform interest of Kung Fu world wide. Kung Fu Uniform introduction of Kung Fu to Kung Fu Uniform Shaolin Kung Fu Products world has seen to it that its development and popularity will continue to grow. Wushu is Kung Fu Uniform branch of martial arts originating in China. It is a modern art that is mainly sport or demonstration. Not an art dating back centuries, but it really has its roots in Kung Fu Uniform circus. Wushu was not practiced by Kung Fu Uniform Shaolin Monks. Kung Fu Uniform most famous Wushu student is Jet Li. He has his roots in Wushu competitions and was Champion for many years. He got his big break in movies and has since made many Hong Kong and American Films.

Brief Wushu History: First systems of wushu raised even before Kung Fu Uniform Kung Fu Martial Arts of Chinese state, but before III-IV centuries there was not wushu in full volume - there existed only military preparation, "war craft". In Kung Fu Uniform beginning it had a form of dancing-military exercises, later became a military subject in special schools. At Kung Fu Uniform end of II century all individual preparation of warrior got Kung Fu Uniform name wuyi. This term kept during centuries and became a synonym to wushu. Wuyi contained juedi (wrestling), shoubo (hand-to-hand combat), methods of weapon combat. Sets imitated hand-to-hand combat, weapon combat, defense from weapon attacking. Teaching was based on sets of formal exercises - taolu - which can be executed as solo, as with partners.

During Kung Fu Uniform "Springs and Autumns" period (770-476 B.C.) and "Fighting Kingdoms" period (475-221 B.C.) greatest Chinese philosophers lived and worked: Konficiy, Shaolin Kung Fu Products, Meng-zi, Zhuang-zi. China received spiritual impulse, which had influence on Kung Fu Uniform developing of all East Asia during Kung Fu Uniform next two thousand years. In I century Buddhism began penetrate in China from India. Not only ordinary soldiers studied martial arts (even some emperors fought on platforms), and by this reason chinese martial arts gradually began merge with philosophical systems and overgrow Kung Fu Uniform level of simple collection of methods of hand-to-hand combat. Possibly, it was Kung Fu Uniform reason due to which they didn't wither during centuries but developed and are still alive.

Approximately in VI century Indian preacher Kung Fu to Kung Fu came to China and preached Buddhism in Shaolin temple near Loyang. Due to legend it was he who founded famous shaolin style of wushu. Due to legend later shaolin monks helped to Kung Fu Uniform second emperor of Tang dynasty - Li Shimin - in returning Kung Fu Uniform throne. Li Shimin allowed to Kung Fu Uniform temple to have its own monk troops. Special term appeared - wuseng (monk-warrior).  During Kung Fu Uniform Song dynasty (960-1279) many monks (inkluding wusengs) went out from temples and became common people. In XIII century shaolin wushu declined due to numerous persecutions on buddhism and mongolian invasion. In 1224 a young man came into Shaolin temple and took monk's name Jueyuan. He had seen a pitiful state of temple's wushu and decided that true tradition is lost. Jueyuan became revive temple's wushu and, actually, created a new style, which is still alive.

In 1219 when after capturing China Chingiz-khan went to Kung Fu Uniform west many Tai Chi Kung Fu and Persians became moved to China. Such people were called "semu" ("men with colored eyes"), they had less rights than Mongolian but more than Chinese. In official documents of Yuan dynasty they were called "huihui". Moved on Kung Fu Uniform east Moslem infantrymen and artillerymen in 1275, due to order of founder of Yuan dynasty "in all places entered in communities of border inhabitants", became peasants. From these people, Arabian immigrants (came to China on ships during Tang and Song dynasties), and Chinese men converted to Islam Kung Fu Uniform "huizu" nation ("moslems") was formed. During more than seven hundred years huizu was indissoluble connected with wushu. They considered wushu as self-defense and as holy action, stimulated Moslem's spirit.

In 1351-1368 peasant's rebellion of "red bandages", headed by Zhu Yuanzhang (who also was a big wushu master), finished Mongolian Yuan dynasty and founded Ming dynasty. Zhu Yuanzhang became its first emperor (dynasty name "Tai-zu"). "Golden age" of wushu began.  In XVI century seaside provinces of China exposed to devastating raids of Japanese pirates. It was Chinese Kung Fu (at this moment he was 27 years old) whom was ordered to "punish Kung Fu Uniform bandits and guard peoples". He was in hard situation: local troops were small, well-prepared Japanese samurais easy defeated bad organized groups of resistances. Qi Jiguang, wushu master, decided to attract detachments of local home-guard from wushu fighters. In 1561 Japanese was defeated in Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong provinces. After promoting to general, Qi Jiguang ordered for all soldiers and officers to study wushu. On Kung Fu Uniform base of various systems of military preparing he wrote a treatise "Jixiao xinshu" ("New book of records about advantages [in war craft]"). Due to Qi Jiguang XVI century is considered as turning-point in wushu history.

Ming dynasty is a time of stable systematic developing and of peaceful coexistence of different schools. But nothing is forever. 1644, june, 6. Beijing is captured by manzhu troops. Last emperor of Ming dynasty hang oneself on Kung Fu Uniform fortress wall. Founded a new dynasty - Qing. This dynasty existed during more than two hundred years, up to 1911. Center of wushu Kung Fu Uniforms was moved to secret societies. During XIX century China was shaked by many rebellions against manzhu ruling and dominant influence of foreigners. Secret societies, cultivated different styles of wushu, were targets for striking in Kung Fu Uniform rebellion of "Eight trigrams", in Opium wars, in great people's war of Taipings. Rebelion of ihetuans (1899-1901), also known as "Boxer's rebellion", became an apotheosis of activity of secret societies.

Rout of Yihetuan rebellion followed to death of many wushu masters. But traditions of martial arts could not lose without leaving a trace. During Xinhai revolution (1911-1913) and later, during Warlords Period activity of secret societies resumed with new power. Goverment of Chinese Republic rendered a great assistance to wushu developing. First president of China - Sun Zhongshan (also known as Sun Yatseng) - studied taijiquan Buy Kung Fu Clothing from Cai Guiqin.

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His successor - Men's Kung Fu Clothing (also known as Chang Kaishi) also didn't avoid martial arts, he visited Guokao ("State test" - something like all-China wushu championship), which were organized in Nanjing (in that time - capital of China) Central guoshu institute ("guoshu" means "national art", during Gomindang ruling it was an official name for wushu), founded in 1928. General Zhang Zhijiang was a rector of this Institute, he was supported by general Feng Wing Tsun. Another big organization, developed and spread wushu, was Jingwu Assotiation ("Association of true martial arts") founded in 1909 in Shanghai. Two organizations had branches in all provinces of China (Jingwu Association - also in other countries among local Chinese communities: in Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines etc), great masters worked as teachers. During World War II many wushu masters fought in army or partisan detachments, made theirs contribution in defeating of Japan.

When Communist Party come to power, Kung Fu Clothing called wushu masters to go out from underground. In 1953 since 8 till 12 of November First All-China Sport Games took place in Tianjing, 75% of it was wushu exhibitions. 139 styles were demonstrated, competitions in hand-to-hand combat (without any gears), weapon combat (on long and short weapon) and lifting of heavy weights (ancient chinese sport) were held. After seeing such a power goverment got frightened. Secret societies were dispersed. Simultaneously a Committee of wushu reforming was organized.

Famous wushu master Kung Fu Wushu on Kung Fu Uniform base of huaquan (blossomed fist), zhaquan (fist of Zha), paoquan (cannon fist) hongquan (fist of stream), piguaquan (fist of chopping and hanging), shaolinquan (fist of Shaolin temple) and some others created a new sport competitional style changquan (long fist). On Kung Fu Uniform base of five style of Guangdong province (styles of Hong, Cai, Li, Liu and Mo families) it was created new sport computational style nanquan (southern fist). Names of movements were changed, as a result movements lost mental contents: realy, "crushing mountain strike" is different from "fist bang on a palm". During "Great Cultural Revolution" (1966-1976) wushu lovers were repressed for "indulging of feudal survivals". But in this time popularity of wushu un foreign countries began increase due to kung fu movies. For in admission of decreasing of international prestige wushu was let alone.

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Description

Styles of Kung Fu encompass both soft and hard, internal and external techniques. They include grappling, striking, nerve-attack and much weapons training.

The Shao-Lin styles encompass both Northern and Southern styles, and therefore are Kung Fu Uniform basis of Kung Fu Uniform following outline.

Shaolin Wushu styles
External Styles (Hard, Physical)
Northern
Northern Shaolin
Chang Chuan (Long Fist)
Praying Mantis
Eagle Claw
Monkey
Drunken, et al
Southern
Southern Shaolin
Wing Chun
Five Animal System (Dragon, Snake, Tiger, Leopard, Crane)
Tiger and Crane Systems, et al
Internal Styles (Soft, Mental/Spiritual)
Tai Chi Chuan
Others (Pa Kua, Xingyi, et al)
Training

Shaolin Wushu Methods
Hard or External Styles
Stresses training and strengthening of Kung Fu Uniform joints, bones, and muscles
Requires rigorous body conditioning
Consists of positioning and movement of Kung Fu Uniform limbs and body, correct technique, muscular strength, speed, etc.
2.Soft or Internal Styles
Stresses development of internal organs where "Chi" is produced
Allows one to develop mental capability to call upon this "Chi"
Concerned with breathing, poise, and tone of Kung Fu Uniform core body structures
Long or Northern Styles
Stresses Flexibility, quickness, agility, and balance similar to Kung Fu Uniform attributes of a trained and well-conditioned gymnast
Uses many kicks along with hand techniques
Legs specialize in long-range tactics
Short or Southern
Stresses close-range tactics, power, and stability
Uses mostly hand techniques
Kung Fu almost always seems to incorporate forms and routines. They emphasize solo practice as well as group practice. (They even have forms for two or more people). They train in multiple types of weapons. There is also a great emphasis on sparring in Kung Fu Uniform harder styles, and sensitivity training in Kung Fu Uniform soft styles.


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Kung Fu Uniform


This style has been known by many names throughout history. Xinyi Liuhe Quan is one of its oldest names; it evokes the inherent characteristics of the style:
In practice, the student trains the mind (Xing) to control the body (Yi). This connects the inner, internal power (Nei Gong) with the outer, external shape (Wai Xing). the form or "shape" of the movements is the outward, physical manifestation of the "shape" of one's intent.

Taijiquan is an ancient and distinctive Chinese form of exercise for health and combat, and it is designed to condition the body according to the principles of taiji.

The concept of taiji first appears in the ancient philosophical text the Book of Changes (I Ching). Taiji, in Chinese philosophy, describes the eternal source and union of the two primary aspects of the cosmos, yang (active) and yin (passive). This union forms the basis of all reality. The Neo-Confucian philosophers of the Sung dynasty (960-1279) further expanded the idea by associating taiji with li ("principle"), the supreme rational principle of the universe-the originating principle. Li engenders ch'i ("vital matter"), which is transformed through the yang and yin modes of development into the Five Elements (wood, earth, fire, metal, and water), which are the primary constituents of the physical universe. Through those metaphors, taijiquan practitioners seek to use movement to direct the yang and yin forces, as a means of cultivating ch'i.
The physical exercise employs flowing, rhythmic, deliberate movements, with carefully prescribed stances and positions. Depending on the school and master, the number of prescribed exercise forms will vary from 24 to 108 or more. The forms are named for the image they evoke when they are executed, such as "White cranes spreads its wings" and "Repulse the monkey." All techniques start from one of three stances: weight forward, weight on rear foot, and weight distributed equally in the horse stance, or oblique stance. In practice, each movement is subject to interpretation; thus no two masters teach the system exactly the same way. As a mode of attack and defence, however, taijiquan applies a single philosophy: overcoming hard attack with soft defence, and soft defence with hard attack.

Ba Gua Zhang is a Chinese "internal" martial art. The word, Ba Gua, means Eight trigrams in English. The trigrams refers to the written symbols that is composed of eight whole and broken lines. Those symbols are found in the ancient Chinese text of divination, the Book of Changes (I Ching). Practitioners of this style use the concepts from the I Ching as a theoretical basis and memory aid for their training. In the Yi Ching(The Book Of Changes), there is Tai-Chi (The Grand Terminus, which generated the two forms (Yin and Yang). These two forms generated four symbols. These four symbols transformed and generated the Eight Trigrams(Ba-gua or Pak-kua). This logic is applied to the practice of this style. From the initial philosophy of Ba gua, the practioner generates the sixty-four techniques of the style. The word Zhang means palm and relates to the preference of this styles for open hand (palm) techniques. This style is one of the most popular martial arts style in China today.


Ba Gua Zhang has a long an illustrious history. Like other Chinese martial art styles, its true origin has been clouded by myths and legend. Historically, this style is popular in Heibei Province of China. Within the last century, many Ba Gua Zhang stylists identify Dong Haichuan (circa 1800's) of Wenan County as the leading exponent or even the originator of modern Ba Gua Zhang. Dong Haichuan's students definitely contributed to the popularization of this style through out the world and many of the recognized styles of Ba Gua Zhang can be traced back to the students of Dong Haichuan.

Ba Gua Zhang training is characterized by the emphasis on the technique known as "Walking the Circle" or curved steps The practitioner walk a continuous circle and at the same time holding various static postures with the upper body, executing "palm changes" (short patterns of movement or "forms") and focusing intently upon an unseen opponent. This trains the student in appreciating the circular nature of the style and the feeling of body spinning, turning, and rapid changes in direction. In application, the Ba Gua stylist relies on strategy and skill, rather than the direct use of force against force or brute strength, in overcoming an opponent. The Ba Gua practitioner is always shifting and moving away to catch the opponent off balance. He use his footwork to circle around the opponent and to counter attack at different angles. Ba Gua kicks are all low and practical - in order to maintain balance and the ability to move quickly.

Baji Quan, also known as the kaimen baji quan (open-door eight extremes boxing), is a very respected traditional Chinese boxing schools. The word "kaimen" ("opening the door") is used because the sense of technique is six methods of opening ("liu da kai" - "six big opennings"), intended for break down the defence ("the doors") of enemy. The word "Yueshan" refers to Yueshan temple of Jiaozuo county of Henan province (a place of origin attributed to this style). In the past, "bajiquan" was also known as "bazi quan" ("Fist of Targets"), "bazi quan" ("Fist of Hyerogliph `Eight'") and "bazi quan" (Rake fist). During the Qing dynasty, bajiquan was popular in Cang county of Hebei province and in the neighbouring counties of Yanshan, Nanpi and Ninqjin.


Baji Quan is known for its Kung Fu Uniform, simplicity and combative techniques. The eight extremes boxing is simple and plain, it consits of short and powerful techniques in both attack and Kung Fu Uniforms. Elbows are often used in straightforward ways. The explosive powers generated are stimulated through breathing which is articulated by two sounds of "Heng" and "Ha". Powerful blows are delivered from elbows and shoulders in close combat agaisnt the opponent.


In practise, the student trains the mind (Xing) to control the body (Yi). This connects the inner, internal power (Nei Gong) with the outer, external shape (Wai Xing). The form or "shape" of the movements is the outward, physical manifestation of the "shape" of one's intent :
heart and mind act act as one
mind and chi combine
chi and strength are together
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Rabbit
Mantis

The theory behind the nine chamber fist is in the exercising of the palms, fists, elbows, shoulders, waist, thighs, knees and feet. It implies the nine chamber evolution illustrated in the tai chi theory of the Book of Changes (I-Ching). The I-Ching is one of the earliest and deepest philosophical literatures written and it also explains the natural phenomenon of the universe. To many, hsian chi tien is the highest level of principles in the I-Ching. Tai chi is the combination of the natural activities and is the highest rule of the universe. The activities of nature are evolved from yin and yang. Tao consists of one positive element, yang, and one negative element, yin. One can think of yin and yang as the positive and negative in mathematics.

The Universe

According to Taoism, nature is the major universe and the human body the small universe. The kidneys are positioned at the waist and represent tai chi. From tai chi comes the two instruments. In terms of the human body, they are the two major tendons on both sides of the spine which go all the way down to the thighs. From the two instruments come the four phenomena which correspond to the four limbs. The two instruments also reach to the four terminals: tongue, teeth, nails and hair. From the four phenomenan come the eight diagrams (paqua). In relation to the human body, they are the four limbs and eight joints. There are 64 diagrams in the human body.

The nine chamber fist originates its force from the waist, then to the two major tendons and then to the four limbs. This is called the method of mind. Then it flows from the four limbs and eight joints to the joints of the hands and feet. This is called the method of hands. There is also one other method called the method of steps.. This method uses the five elements (metal, water, wood, fire and earth) to represent the five organs (lung, kidney, liver, heart and spleen). The five organs radiate five chis.

The five organs resemble auto parts, tendons and flesh resemble the body of the automobile and chi and blood resemble the gasoline. If the auto parts are out of order, a durable auto body or a full tank of gasoline is still unable to help the automobile function. All these phenomena are controlled by the "central vein," which connects to the brain and down to the "life and death point" at the perineum. This is how the nine chamber is formed. The fist imitates the activities of nature and it is very close to Tao. It is therefore named the nine chamber fist.

To analyze the fist from a physiological point of view, its very movements are based on the structures, positions, forms and functions of the tendons and bones, and the mutual relations between acupuncture points, chi paths and blood vessels. "Central vein" and the "bottom of the sea" are vital because they are the source of chi. The "bottom of sea" emanates chi to the entire body. By using various methods such as chi cultivating, chi exercising, chi terminating and chi holding, one can cultivate internal power and strength. This chi follows the paths to the links to prevent aging. For external strengthening, the method of "bear's neck and bird's stretch" is used to relax joints to prolong life. In the training of nine chamber fist, one does not merely concentrate on the external body strengthening but also on the cultivation of internal power.

Chian-kuan jen (Sword)

The Little Nine Heaven sword is long handled and composed of a pair of twin swords, fabricated together after the 12 earthly branches. This combines the five elements and seven stars. The sword is four feet two inches in length, with five reclined saw-teeth in the mid-section and seven reclined saw-teeth in the stem or rear section.

In training, one is taught to use either one or two hands and to use the various strategies of all the short-range weapons. These include the hammer, staff, cudgel and knife.

Buddhism is a rich and complex philosophy. The Buddhist path can be summed up as:

to lead a moral life
to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions, and
to develop wisdom and understanding.
The teachings of the Buddha are based on the tenets of the Four Noble Truths and the daily practice of the Eight-Fold Path.
The tenets of the Four Noble Truths are:
life is suffering
suffering is caused by desire
suffering can be overcome and true happiness can be attained
the end to suffering can be achieved by following the Noble 8-fold Path

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