Kung Fu Uniform
Empty Hand Forms
Choreographed Routines (involving 2 or more people.)
Qigong (Chi Kung) Power Demonstrations
EMPTY HAND COMPETITION
Empty hand competition involves the performance of a sequence, usually
traditional, demonstrating the function and essence of a particular martial
style. Competition normally falls into the following subdivisions:
A. Long Fist -- Styles such as Zha, Wa, Wha, Pao, Hun, Fangzi, and many other
Shaolin Long Fist styles. Each style may contain 20 to 30 routines.
B. Taiji [T'ai Chi Ch'uan] -Chen style, Yang style, Wu style, Wu [or Hao] style,
Sun style, Kun Lun, Spontaneous, Qigong, Bagua Taiji, etc. Also included are
Taiji styles derived from the above sets.
C. Southern Fist -- Hong Jia [Hung Gar], Cai Li Fo [Choi Li Fat], Mo, Tiger &
Crane, Southern Branch, Wing Chun [Yongchun], Wing Tsun, Diou Family, Ermei
Southern, Tai-I Five Elements, Hard Entrance Southern, Nine Temple, Eighteen
Kicks, Zi-men Southern, Hun-Men, Yu-Men, Gun-Men, Yui-Men, Wudang Southern,
White Eyebrow, White Crane, Crane Ha-Gar, Five Elders, Grand Elder, Lo-Han,
Yue-Chia, Kun-Men, Five Plum Flowers, Ermei Shaolin, Wudang Shaolin, etc. It is
estimated that in Canton alone there are more than 400 types of Southern Shaolin.
D. Xingyi [Hsing-I] -- Five Elements and Twelve Animals, Linking Five Elements,
Four-Grasps Punches, Eight Postures, Ba-tze Kung, Twelve Crosses, Tsu-Ru Ton,
Mixed Form, Rin-Yan Jior, etc.
E. Bagua -- Basic Ba-Gua, Innate Ba-Gua, Latent Ba-Gua, Ba-Gua Consecutive Palm,
Close-body Ba-Gua, Ba-Gua Dragon Form, etc.
F. Imitating Styles -- Preying Mantis, Eagle Claw, Monkey, Tiger, Leopard,
Drunken-Style, Drunken Eight Fairies, Duck, Snake. Rooster, Do~, etc.
G. Other Styles -- Ba-ji, Ton-Bei, Kung Fu Uniforms,
Six Harmonies/Eight Methods, Wu-Ji Chuan, Liang-I, Ssu-hsiang, Gung-Li, etc.
Although there are more than 400 different types of ancient Chinese weapons and
many usages of each, there are only about 18 standard weapons that you will
usually see in Wushu competition. Sometimes a practitioner will combine two
weapons in a form or do a variation involving two of the same weapons. Some
instances of forms often seen in competition are: Broadsword, straight sword,
spear, staff, Kwan-sword, double-swords, double straight-swords, double
hook-swords, double-ended spear, nine-section whip, rope-dart, chained hammer,
3-sectional staff, 2-sectional staff, daggers, double short-staff, etc.
Choreographed fighting forms Kung Fu Clothing
are used by students in order to develop an understanding of the offense,
defense, distance, reaction, speed, and so forth of a particular martial style.
These forms can be practiced to the extent that spontaneity replaces the more
The theory behind the nine chamber fist is in the exercising of the palms,
fists, elbows, shoulders, waist, thighs, knees and feet. It implies the nine
chamber evolution illustrated in the tai chi theory of the Book of Changes (I-Ching).
The I-Ching is one of the earliest and deepest philosophical literatures written
and it also explains the natural phenomenon of the universe. To many, hsian chi
tien is the highest level of principles in the I-Ching. Tai chi is the
combination of the natural activities and is the highest rule of the universe.
The activities of nature are evolved from yin and yang. Tao consists of one
positive element, yang, and one negative element, yin. One can think of yin and
yang as the positive and negative in mathematics.
According to Taoism, nature is the major universe and the human body the small
universe. The kidneys are positioned at the waist and represent tai chi. From
tai chi comes the two instruments. In terms of the human body, they are the two
major tendons on both sides of the spine which go all the way down to the
thighs. From the two instruments come the four phenomena which correspond to the
four limbs. The two instruments also reach to the four terminals: tongue, teeth,
nails and hair. From the four phenomenan come the eight diagrams (paqua). In
relation to the human body, they are the four limbs and eight joints. There are
64 diagrams in the human body.
The nine chamber fist originates its force from the waist, then to the two major
tendons and then to the four limbs. This is called the method of mind. Then it
flows from the four limbs and eight joints to the joints of the hands and feet.
This is called the method of hands. There is also one other method called the
method of steps.. This method uses the five elements (metal, water, wood, fire
and earth) to represent the five organs (lung, kidney, liver, heart and spleen).
The five organs radiate five chis.
The five organs resemble auto parts, tendons and flesh resemble the body of the
automobile and chi and blood resemble the gasoline. If the auto parts are out of
order, a durable auto body or a full tank of gasoline is still unable to help
the automobile function. All these phenomena are controlled by the "central
vein," which connects to the brain and down to the "life and death point" at the
perineum. This is how the nine chamber is formed. The fist imitates the
activities of nature and it is very close to Tao. It is therefore named the nine
To analyze the fist from a physiological point of view, its very movements are
based on the structures, positions, forms and functions of the tendons and
bones, and the mutual relations between acupuncture points, chi paths and blood
vessels. "Central vein" and the "bottom of the sea" are vital because they are
the source of chi. The "bottom of sea" emanates chi to the entire body. By using
various methods such as chi cultivating, chi exercising, chi terminating and chi
holding, one can cultivate internal power and strength. This chi follows the
paths to the links to prevent aging. For external strengthening, the method of
"bear's neck and bird's stretch" is used to relax joints to prolong life. In the
training of nine chamber fist, one does not merely concentrate on the external
body strengthening but also on the cultivation of internal power.
Chian-kuan jen (Sword)
The Little Nine Heaven sword is long handled and composed of a pair of twin
swords, fabricated together after the 12 earthly branches. This combines the
five elements and seven stars. The sword is four feet two inches in length, with
five reclined saw-teeth in the mid-section and seven reclined saw-teeth in the
stem or rear section.
In training, one is taught to use either one or two hands and to use the various
strategies of all the short-range weapons. These include the hammer, staff,
cudgel and knife.
Buddhism is a rich and complex philosophy. The Buddhist path can be summed up
to lead a moral life
to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions, and
to develop wisdom and understanding.
The teachings of the Buddha are based on the tenets of the Four Noble Truths and
the daily practice of the Eight-Fold Path.
The tenets of the Four Noble Truths are:
life is suffering
suffering is caused by desire
suffering can be overcome and true happiness can be attained
the end to suffering can be achieved by following the Noble 8-fold Path